Andhra Pradesh Is India’s fifth largest state by population as well as fourth largest state by area and one among the 28 states of India. The state is surrounded by important states and places. For example, Maharashtra is in the northwest, Chhattisgarh and Odisha in the North and Tamil Nadu in the south. On the other hand, Karnataka is in the west and famous Bay of Bengal is in the east. State itself occupies India’s southeastern coast.
Hyderabad is the capital and largest city of the state. The state boasts of the second longest coastline in India, Gujarat being the first. The state consists of three main regions: Telangana, Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema.
Telgu is official language here, although other languages like Kannada, Marathi, Tamil, and Oriya are also spoken and understood here.
History: The state is believed to be home of Pre-Dravidian residents. It got a status of an independent Kingdom during Chandragupta Maurya’s rule. After decline of Ashoka kingdom, smaller kingdoms established themselves and Mauryans declined. Satavahanas ruled the state for five centuries and extended the territories of his kingdom up to Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Ikshvakus came into power in third century AD who in turn was replaced by Pallavas of Kanchi who made advancement in Art and Architecture. Anandas came to the power and ruled till sixth century. In 7th century, Eastern Chalukyas ruled for four centuries. It was during rule of Muhammad Tuglak, independent Muslim Power at Bijapur came into existence. Today’s famous city of Hyderabad was set up by Muhammaad Quli Qutub Shah. During 18th century, whole Andhra Pradesh, except Hyderabad was ceded by East India Company. It was only in 1956, when Andhra Pradesh got designation of Independent state.
Andhra Pradesh Major Tourist Destination:
Beaches: There are some famous beaches along the coastline like Suryalanka. Along the bay of Bangal lays beach namely R.K. Beach, Rishikonda Beach and Lawsons Bay Beach.
Araku Valley: This beautiful hill station is situated in Vishakhapatnam district. The place has two main Reserved forests namely, Anantagiri and Sunkarimetta. They are full of coffee plants, fascinating waterfalls and lush green forests. The place is also favorite destination of campers.
The Borra Caves: ‘Burra’ in Telgu means ‘human brain’. British Geologist William King George discovered million year old stalactite and stalagmite formation inside the caves in Anatagiri Hills of Eastern Ghats in Vishakapatnam which resembled to Human Brain.
Horsley Hills: The place has many attractions to offer like natural fauna and fauna, Lake Gangotri, (EEC) Center Environment Park. It lies in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. It is also famous for adventurous activities like trekking, Zorbing, Rappelling etc.
Belum Caves: These are situated in Kurnool District and are second largest caves on the Indian subcontinent. Its length is 3,229 meters. There are long passages, chambers and fresh water galleries.
Kolleru Lake: It is one of the largest freshwater lakes in India. The lake has been declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1999 under wildlife protection Act of 1972. It becomes home to many migratory birds from counties like Siberia, the Philippines, Australia and Egypt. It is estimated that 20, 00,000 birds visit this place. Bird lovers can visit this place and find a perfect feast for eyes of wonderful creatures of nature and some rare species.
Pulicat Lake: It is a Sanctuary spread over 500 square kilometers and a brackish water lagoon which is ranked second largest in India. It lies along Bay of Bengal. The lake hasPulicate Lake Bird Sanctuary which accommodates aquatic and terrestrial birds like, flamingoes, pelicans, and varieties of storks, cormorants, ducks, pintails and many more. Apart from that fish and invertebrates like prawn and mollusks are also available here.
Andhra Pradesh Monuments:
Charminar: It is one of most favorites of tourists in Andhra Pradesh. As per legends, Mohanned Quli Qutb Shah got it built to ward off the break out of an epidemic in the state. It is square shaped edifice with four 48.7 meters high minarets made of granite adjoining four magnificent arches. A lotus leaf structure supports the base of each minaret. In ancient time a madrasa (college) was run on the first floor and second floor has mosque. One can also enjoy bird eye view from the top of the minarets but prior permission is required from Archeological Survey of India.
Andhra Pradesh Golconda Fort:
This fort derived its name from Telugu word ‘Golla Konda’ means ‘Shephered Hills’. It is believed to be originated in Kaktiya period when it was made of mud only. It was rebuilt several times by three Qutub Shahi kings over a period of 62 years. Uniqueness of the effort is its acoustics, palaces, factories, aboriginal water supply system and Fateh Rahben gun, one of the historical cannon used during siege Golkanda by Aurangzthereb.
Andhra Pradesh Qutb Shahi Tombs:
The tombs of Qutb Shahi kings are the oldest historical and famous monuments in Hyderabad. It carries significance in the history as it is a graveyard where whole dynasty has been buried at one place. It is nearby to the Golconda Fort and made of gray Granite with stucco ornamentation. It is combination of Persian, Pathan and Hindu Architectural designing.
The thousand pillar temple: It was built by King Rudra Deva in 1163 AD and is considered a masterpiece of Kakatiyan style of architecture of 12th century. There is something very special about architectural designing of these hundred pillars that no pillar in the building obstructs the view of God from any point of the building.
Andhra Pradesh Temples: Tirumala Venkateswara Temple:
It is situated at small town Tirumala in Chittoor district. It is so famous that it is ranked one of the richest religious places in the world. The temple is dedicated to Lord Venkateswara or Lord Balaji . Vijayakangara, a ruler donated large quantity of gold and a jewel in this temple.It is a premier Hindu religious institution which is working to preserve and promote Hindu Sanatam Dharma. It is believed that temple is visited by about 50,000 to 100,000 devotees daily. The temple is doing great job of social welfare by providing free medication, free food and shelter to the needy.
Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple:
This temple was also built by Vijayanagara Emperor in Srisailam in Kurnool district. It is dedicated to Mallikarjuna shiva and one among twelve Jyotirlinga shrines in India. As per mythology Sahasralinga was set up here by Lord Rama and Pamchapandava Lingas was set up by Pandavas.
Kanaka Durga Temple:
Situated at the holy bank of Krishna River, in the city of Vijayavada, the temple is dedicated to goddess Durga. The pilgrim is popular for its colorful celebration of festivals like Dasara, saraswati Pooja and Theppotsavam. Taking holy dip in Krishna River is considered auspicious.
Situated at the banks of Godavari, temple of Lord Rama attracts pilgrims from all over the country. It is in the town of Bhadrachalam in Khammam District. As per legendry, Kancherla Gopanna wrote songs dedicated to lord Rama. God Rama is believed to spend some time on the bank of River Godawari. Every year, on the day of Ramnavami, marriage of Ram and Sita is celebrated by pilgrims in full swings.
The place is believed to be home of God Narsimha who rescued Prahlad from his cruel father Hiranyakashipu. It situated on a hill, at a distance of 20 km from Vishakhapatnam. The most fascinating feature of the temple is 16 pillared Natya Mantapa and 96- pillared Kalyana Mandapa which exhibit finely carved structures. It is believed to be built in 11th century by Kullohcunga Chola.
Ramoji Film City:
It is world’s largest film studio complex and got its name in ‘”Guinness Records”. It is just 35km from center of the city was built in1996. It is spread over 1,666 acres along Bijayawada Highway and took nearly six years to complete this enormous structure. Besides being a studio for film making, it also serves as a great venue for events and magnificent tourist attraction. It is a kind of one stop destination for film makers as the place provides everything like elaborate set, manpower, picturesque beauty, verdant landscapes. Apart from that, they have security, restaurants, varied range of facilities for shooting.
It is also favorite spot of tourist as it has thrilling rides, fun games amazing sets of Mugals era and Maurian Empire. Children love to have experience of one of its kind 4D virtual realities of experiencing new things like earthquake and live stunt shows and many more.
Salar Jung Museum:
It is one of the tree national museums in India and located at Darushifa , on the bank of Musi River in Hyderabad. It is one of the most visited places in Hyderabad. It houses the largest one man unique collection of old paintings, sculptures, manuscript and ceramics and many more dating back to the first century. This is the place where one can see furniture from Japan, China, Burma, Nepal, Persia, Egypt and many other countries. It has antics related to Salar Jung III, Mir Yusuf Ali Khan and other treasures. It was founded in 1951 and can be compared to London’s Victoria and Alberts Museum and third largest in India. It is believed that Nawab Mir Yousuf Ali Khan Salar Jung III, former Prime Minister of Nizam of Hyderabad spent his considerable income to create such a wonderful museum.
Snow world at necklace road:
It is situated in Hyderabad adjacent to the Hussain Sagar. It is one of the most visited and favorite among children for its uniqueness. It was initiated on 28th January, 2004 and designed by Nitish Roy, a renowned art director and architect. It is spread over 17000sft and can accommodate 300 visitors at a time and one shift lasts for one hour only. It is India’s first and biggest in the world of its kind. It is interesting that two hundred tones of artificial snow is laid on the floor and due care is taken to avoid seepage or melting. Every day, the top most layer is replaced with two to three tones of snow which is generated using a patent technology from Australia. Special care is taken of visitors to acclimatize to the temperature and special clothing shoes etc are also provided. There are many attraction like snow play area, merry go round and ice skating rink. Apart from that, park has images of polar bears, penguin’s alpine trees igloo as if one can find oneself in virtual polar region. Here temperature dips to zero to -5 degree C.
Nehru Zoological Park:
It is situated near Mir Alam Tank in Hydrabad. It is one of the favorite spots of tourists. It is named after Jawahar Lal Nehru. It remains closed on Mondays. It was inaugurated on 26 October 1959. The zoo is run and maintained by forest department of Andhra Pradesh. It is spread over vast area of 380 acres and houses nearly 100 species of birds, animals and reptiles. It also strives to conserve endangered species of animals like spread awareness on wildlife conservation. It is the first zoo in India where animals are arranged in Zoological order in open enclosures. This provides them a natural habitat like ambience which is conducive for their survival, breeding and to study animal behavior. One can enjoy the world of animals like Asiatic Lions Royal Bengal Tigers, Panthers Indian Rhino Bears, Chimpanzee and many more. There are more than 1400 hundreds of animals at display and species are more than 160. Main attractions of the park are Lion safari, Bear safari and tiger safari which are full of fun and frolic. It also has a museum inside the zoo.
Chilkur Baba Ji Temple:
The temple is also fondly called Visa Balaji Temple and dedicated to Hindu Lord Balaji. It is situated on the banks of Osman Sagar and 45min drive from Hyderabad. The unique feature of the temple is that it does not accept any money in any form from pilgrims and no VIP passes are given to anyone. Apart from that it is not under government control yet. It is believed that Lord Venkateshwara is known for granting visa to the aspirants. The place remains beamed with young aspirant’s whole year. It houses idols of Sridevi, Bhoodevi along with Venkateshwara.
It is one of the ancient heritage buildings of old time. Chowmahalla or Chowmahalat is a kind of must see place.’ Chow’ means four and ‘Mahal’ means palace. So, there are four palaces. It was a palace if Nizams of Hyderabad state where all the ceremonial functions like accession of the Nizams and receptions of the Nizams of Hyderabad used to take place. The famous UNESCO Asia Pacific Merit award for cultural heritage conservation was also held at this very place. It is very near to Charminar, a famous tourist attraction and accessible easily. Construction of the place was started by Salabat Jung Bahadur in 1750 and finished in 1869. It is a blend of architecture of Persian, Rajasthani and European style. The place has beautiful gardens, fountains and other decorations. The names of four palaces are Aftab Mahal, Afzal Mahal,Tahniyat Mahal and Mahtab Mahal. Its southern part has all the four palaces and was built in Neo classical style and Northern Backyard has ‘Bara Imam’ means a long array of rooms which used to be administrative block of the Nizams. Heart of the palace is called Khilwat Mubarak and revered by people as it was seat of Asaf Jahi dynasty. Here one can see 19 grandeur chandeliers which enhance beauty of the regal hall.
Other attractions of the palace are Roshan Bangala, Council hall and Clock Tower.
Hussain Sagar Lake:
It is situated in Hyderabad. It was excavated by Hussain Shah Wali during the reign of Ibrahim Quli Qutb in 1562 A.D. it is spread over 5.7 square kilometers .An enormous (18 meters) monolithic statue of Gautam Buddha stands in the center of lake. It stands on Rock of Gibraltar on an Iceland. Stroll in the evening on the bank of this lake is quiet refreshing and relaxing. In the north of lake lies Sanjeevaiah Park which has been names after Damodaram Sanjivayya, former chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.
Jalavihar Entertainment Park:
It is a water park spread over area of 12.5 acres and adjacent to Sanjeevaiah Park and Hussain lake. It is a joint venture of public government partnership and named as Jalavihar Entertainment Pvt.Ltd. the park was inaugurated in 2007 and situated on Necklace Road. It provides full fledge entertainment for the whole family. It has many rides for children and adults also. It has Party Zone Meeting spaces and Food Court. Apart from this, Battery cars, Rain Dance, Super jet, air hockey and Moon Walkers also thrills the tourists. It has vast capacity. One can also book the place as a venue for the parties etc.
It is one of the oldest mosque in city Hyderabad and one of the largest in India. It is near to Charminar. It is believed that Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, fifth ruler of Qutub Dynasty got the bricks made of the soil brought from Mecca, a holy place in Islam. That why the place is revered with great respect. It can accommodate 10,000 devotees at a time. It is astonishing that more than 8000 workers took more than 77 years to complete this magnificent structure. It has a museum also which preserves the antique articles from history.
B.M. Birla Science Museum:
Founded in 1990, the museum consists of planetarium, museum, science center and science center. Apart from this, it also has got a Dinaosaurium.Birla Plalnetarium is one of the trees in India. It houses a 160 million year lid Kotasauras Yamanpalliensis excavated at Adilabaf district in Andhra Pradesh. It also has got a unique collection of fossils of dinosaur eggs marine shells and fossilized tree trunks.
AP State Archeological Museum:
The museum exhibits a magnificent collection of culture and art of Hyderabad. It preserves the rich cultural heritage of the old rulers of the place. Its existence is quite old but at present location of Public Garden in Hyderabad. The department of Archeology of the museum played a significant role in the excavation of historical places and preservation of old monuments. It has unique collection of stone sculptures bronze works manuscripts modern paintings and many more. Apart from this, sculptures relate to the period of Chalukyan and Vijayanagara. One can also see mummy of sixth pharaoh of Egypt donated by Nizam of Hyderabad.
Indira Ganghi Zoological Park:
It is located in Kambalakonda Reserve Forests of Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh.it is bounded by hills on either side and bay of Bengal lies on the eastern side. Names after former Prime Minister of India Indira
Gandhi, it was opened on 19 May 1977 and spread over area of 625 acre. It exhibits nearly 80 species of animals and about 80 hundred in number. The park is doing a commendable job for the conservation of endangered species and spread awareness among public about value of conservation of forests. The zoo has different sections for reptiles, carnivorous, small mammals and birds.
Hippopotamus is a special feature of the zoo. It has all three Indian crocodiles at display. It has a well planned layout and system. One can see almost every kind of birds here and spent enjoyable time with family
Andhra Pradesh Veerbhadra Temple:
The temple was erected in 16th century and is situated in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh. It is dedicated to Lepakshi. It is attractive because of elaborated Mandapams and life size images of dancers, musicians and other magnificent sculptures. Nandi bull’s statue carved out of a single white marble is quite fascinating. It is also called Lepakshi temple and revered by locals.
Tags: Veerbhadra Temple, Indira Ganghi Zoological Park, AP State Archeological Museum, Jalavihar Entertainment Park, Hussain Sagar Lake, Chowmahalla Palace
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